Carolina Conference for Romance Studies
April 5, 2024 - April 6, 2024Free
This event is hosted by the Graduate Romance Association of the Department of Romance Studies
Esse Humani: The (Non)Human Question
28th Carolina Conference for Romance Studies
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
April 5-6, 2024
Submission deadline: December 15, 2023
The word humanities indicates that field of study concerning what is typical of the human being (language, literature, art, religion, philosophy, history), while also encompassing the latest so-called “social sciences” (anthropology, psychology, sociology, political science, etc.). This branch of knowledge has always been connected to humanism, a cultural trend born in Italy between the 14th and the 15th centuries with the philological rediscovery of classical authors and the emergence of a new worldview stating the importance of humanity. Perhaps it is not a coincidence that in Italian “humanities” are named discipline umanistiche, which literally is “humanistic disciplines.” Leaning on one thousand years of the Middle Ages, humanism inspired and permeated Renaissance while increasing faith in the possibilities of human beings to the peoples of Europe. It was a pivotal step on the road to our present time, spanning the scientific and technological revolutions, the inception of secularized societies, and the development of capitalistic economies and democratic governments.
Originating from Pico della Mirandola’s De hominis dignitate (1496), the cultural device of humanism-humanities has always defined the human being in an oppositional relationship to what the human being is not. However, a long wave of the “crisis of human subject” started at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries both in art and philosophy, and has progressed to encompass more recent scientific progress (for instance in the fields of ecology, genetics, and A.I.). New theoretical trends have thus challenged the condition of the human being: transhumanism aims to overcome all of human beings’ deficiencies with the use of technology; posthumanism states that human beings inevitably exist as hybrids with non-human beings; antihumanism even preaches that the same concept of “human” is ontologically and ethically untenable. In the meantime, many writers have explored the possibility of creating an artwork capable of letting “us escape the limited perspective of the individual ego, not only to enter into selves like our own but to give speech to that which has no language” (Italo Calvino, Lezioni americane, 1988), that is to non- human beings themselves.
In short, today the humanities appear to wonder with renewed energy: what does it mean to be “human?” What is the relationship between the human and the non-human? In an age of rapid A.I. development, how is the artificial conceived in relation to the human, and where does it fit into the paradigm? How does it challenge the paradigm? Is it possible for a human artist or theorist to take a non-human perspective? In which way? Should the concept of “human” change, or even continue to exist? What should happen, then, to the beings that we still name in such a way? And how should we engage with non-humans once we reconsider what being human means?
The IAH is a co-sponsor of this event.